Ead For Dependents Of Work Visa Holders On H-4, O-3, P-4, Td, R-2 Visas

I feel helpless. Back home I was working with a fashion house as their primary designer. Here I have nothing to do but sit at home. Not like my friend Suzanne, who got her employment authorization and now works for a consulting company.” says Olivia with sadness in her voice.

Both Olivia and Suzanne are good friends from France, have the same academic background, live in the same city in California and their husbands work in the same company as Business Analysts. While Suzanne can work in the US, Olivia is not authorized to do so. Why? Olivia is on H-4 status and Suzanne is on L-2.

Dependants of personnel with work visas in the US are not generally allowed to work in the US, unless they qualify for a work visa in their own. However, spouses of certain student or work visa holders can apply for employment authorization. This article discusses the situations when a dependant spouse can work or study in the United States.

Dependants of H nonimmigrants (H-4 visa)

In the above example, Olivia cannot work in the US because she is on H-4 visa. Dependants on H-4 visas must be supported by the principal H visa holder. However it is possible to study on H-4 without converting to a student visa.

Dependants of L-1 nonimmigrants (L-2 visa)

Suzanne can work in the US because she is on L-2 status. As a spouse of L-1 visa holder you may work part-time or full-time in the U.S. You must apply for and receive proper employment authorization from the USCIS before you can start working. You may also engage in full-time study in the U.S. However, you may not apply for employment authorization if you are a dependant child on L-2 visa.

Dependants of E-1 or E-2 nonimmigrants

Dependant spouses of E-1 and E-2 visa holders may seek employment by applying for Employment Authorization using Form I-765. You may also attend U.S. schools, colleges and universities, and do not have to apply for separate student visa such as an F-1 visa.

Dependants of J-1 nonimmigrants (J-2 visa)

You may work in the U.S. on J-2 visa, if you receive special permission from the USCIS and the money is not needed to support the principal J-1 visa holder. However, an application for permission to work can only be made after the J-2 visa holder’s arrival in the U.S. and will be considered in light of policies then in effect.

To apply for work authorization on J-2 visa, you:

Must hold valid J-2 status, and the Exchange Visitor must hold valid J-1 status, as shown on your Form I-94 Departure Record cards

May not use your income to support your J-1 spouse or parent

May begin working only after you receive your Employment Authorization document from the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)

May work part-time or full-time, at any job, for any employer. There is no limit to the amount you may earn

You may also study on J-2 visa. There is no requirement that the spouse and/or children of a J-1 visa holder apply for a student visa if they wish to study in the U.S.

Dependants of F-1 nonimmigrants (F-2 visa)

You may not take up paid employment while in the U.S. on F-2 visa. As an F-2 spouse you may not engage in full time study and F-2 child may only engage in full time elementary or secondary school (kindergarten through twelfth grade) study. F-2 spouse or child may engage in a study that is vocational or recreational in nature.

Conclusion

Though immigration regulations allow certain spouses in dependant visa status to apply for employment authorization, for some, working in US is a distant dream. However, there are situations where persons in a situation similar to Olivia are able to work. They can change their status to a work visa, provided they have the required qualifications, experience in their field of expertise and a valid job offer from a US employer. One other situation where a dependent spouse can start working in the US can be when the principal spouse’s employer files for permanent residence for that spouse, and subsequently the dependant spouse may become eligible to apply for Employment Authorization. However, for persons not eligible for any of these alternatives, working in the US still remains a distant dream.

A few weeks later Olivia receives a call Hi Olivia, this is Rose from VisaPro. Your H-1B petition has been approved. Congratulations! You can soon start working. Feel free to Contact VisaPro in case you need further help.

Contact VisaPro if you have any questions regarding any type of employment based and family based petitions.

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LMS Learning Management Solutions

When conducting various aspects of a business, a business owner should look into various lms solutions. These solutions are also known as learning management solutions. The great things about these systems, is that they have grown in sophistication over the last decade, and are a great way to keep employees of the same company, on the same page at all times.

Typical use for lms solutions comes down to constantly training employees through modules, and keeping employees up to date with the policies, and culture of the particular company. For instance, if there is a new service to be offered at a company, lms learning management are great ways to test the skills of an employee, and ensure that they are reading the necessary materials, needed in order to boost their job performance, and ensure that they still care about the job in which they are participating.

Such modules can be something as simple, as the new guidelines for customer service. If a company decides to implement a new rule of contacting a customer within thirty seconds of coming into the store, the employee needs to know this. Through various modules, the employee can be told the benefit of this new policy, and how to exactly implement this new policy that will increase the employees’ performance, the customer experience, as well as the benefits of the company as a whole.

The great thing about learning solutions, such as these, is that it can be implemented company wide, and is a great way to ensure that employees are on the same page, as to what is expected of them as well as their job performance. Further, there can be rewards given to employees who best implement the new rules and guidelines that the company is trying to enforce. For instance, those who contact more customers, more frequently, and more successfully, may get a financial prize, or something else that gives them the incentive to surpass their previous efforts.

This healthy form of competition is great in developing a business culture that shows the care for both the customers, as well as the employees of any given company which can be easily achieved with the help of lms learning management solutions This incentives performing at someone’s peak, and can be a great way to keep the job that the employees are performing, fun and more interactive. This also builds a longer lasting bond between employee and employer, throughout the increased performance of the employee. This in term will create a culture of longer lasting jobs for both the employee, as well as the employer. The employee gets to have fun, making money that they need and deserve. The employer then has to do less hiring, therefore spending less money and effort to bring in new employees.

The writer is having a good knowledge about competency models. Hope this article has been able to provide you the kind of information that you were looking for.