The first and foremost stage is drawing the plan for construction. Once the plan has been drawn the next stage is the stage of the construction estimate. The right estimation of cost is very important for going ahead appropriately with the plans of construction. The estimate should be accurate and should be such that considers all areas of cost. Cost estimation is not a simple task but is one that must be done systematically and accurately.
For drawing the correct estimate you must firstly gather the right information. The current cost of material, labor and other expenses must be gathered. The calculations must be made on the current costs so as to get a realistic picture. The estimate must take into account all heads of costs that would be incurred on the project and must also cater for the profit element.
Promote your band
Key ways are mp3 music ringtones, Mini dvd discs and postcards.
By Chris Ciabarra
Do you like the fashion shoes which can make a girl to be the most charming one?nowdays shoes are not just a tool for people,it is also be treat as a decoration for girls or boys ,which can make them to be much more comfortable and more beautiful,then you will see how interesting it is to wear a wonderful shoes,maybe you can just choose the shoes like that you are in the art shop,just have a look of them,which can give you the feeling of the beauty,you can take it home and wear them.Huh,you will have a different feeling when you try different kinds of shoes.now you can play this fun shoes store girls games,from which you will enjoy it and have fun.
You can see a pretty girl there,she has a important date,so she needs a pair of beautiful shoes for her date and she decides to choose a pair of wonderful shoes from the shoes store,and now you should do your best to help her,for there are so many kinds of shoes there,you should do your best to choose the right one for her,and after that you can also match this pair of shoes with gorgeous hairstyle and dress in the girls games.
HTC is one of the leading market leaders in the mobile industry. They have been making brilliant phones over the years. HTC’s phones always get success whenever companies conduct survey about the best handsets. Recently, company introduced HTC incredible S. This handset is quiet similar with HTC desire and HTC desire HD. In other words, we can say that it is mixture of these two widgets as far as look is concerned. Company added many excellent and new features in it. Phone has 4.0 inches S-LCD capacitive touch screen with 16M colors and excellent resolution 480 x 800 pixels. It is also equipped with Gorilla Glass display, Multi-touch input method, accelerometer sensor for UI auto-rotate, Proximity sensor for auto turn-off, HTC Sense UI and Touch-sensitive controls with rotating icons.
HTC incredible S contains three alert types, Vibration, MP3, and WAV ringtones. As far as hardware is concerned, gadget has 1.1GB ROM and 768MB RAM. Users can expand the phone memory up to 32GB with the help of microSD card. Handset comes along with GPRS, EDGE, 3G and WLAN. All these features enable you to access internet easily without any trouble. To use the internet facility, you do not need to attach any wire or hardware with product. It is compatible with 3G technology. You only need to make request to your service provider to activate your 3G service. Do you need a phone through which you can transfer the data easily? If yes, then your search ends here. Bluetooth and USB port allows you to share the data with your electronic devices easily. it is also available with different type of deals like contract mobile phones, SIM free phones and pay as you go phones.
Profit in any business requires an increase in income and decrease in expenditure. The same theory applies to the retail industry. To make profit in retail requires an in increase sales and reduction in shrinkage. This concept has so far been non-existence in the retail industry where the focus has always only been on increase sales and hoping that the problem of shrinkage will miraculously disappear.
Retail shrinkage occurs as a result of poor or non-existent loss prevention policies and procedures. Therefore, it is imperative that any retail organisation that wishes to remain profitable include loss prevention in its standard operational practices.
Loss prevention is the series of activities that are geared towards the reduction or elimination of all potential loss within an organisation. In the past, loss prevention has been confused with security. While security is a part of loss prevention, security is reactive, basically geared towards identifying shoplifters and employees suspected of stealing, loss prevention is centred around all the activities that are responsible for store loss. It can be known loss such as damages, returns and errors or unknown loss such as shoplifting or employee theft. Preventing shrinkage is simple if we understand the sources of the loss. Last year, UK retail industry spent 771 million on loss prevention, despite this spending, retail shrinkage rose by 5.4%. This has remained the story of loss prevention in the UK for many years. Shrinkage reduced by a few percent one year and increase by several percent the following.
What is the reason for this, the answer lies in the way loss prevention funding is allocated. Even though the levels of funding differ from one organisation to the other, the principle remains the same: spending more for less return on investment (ROI).
The Global Retail Theft Barometer report stated that for the 12-months ending June 2009 crime cost UK retailers 4,063 million. This is broken down as follows:
Customer theft 1,767 million (43.5% of all shrinkage)
Employee theft 1,479 million (36.4% of all shrinkage)
Distribution chain theft 175 million – (4.3% of all shrinkage)
Administrative error – 642 million – (15.8% of all shrinkage)
Total Shrinkage – 4,063 million – (100.0% of all shrinkage)
Total loss prevention spending for the same period was 771 million slightly down from the previous year of 785 million.
Broken down as follows:
Contract Security – 270,621,000.00
In-house Security – 162,681,000.00
Security Equipment – 223,590,000,00
Cash Collection – 61,680,000,00
Other LP Spending – 52,428,000.00
However, in this same period, shrinkage as a percentage of sales rose to 1.37% a rise of 5.4% from 2008 figure of 1.30%.
This brings us to the central thesis of this article: Why is retail loss prevention measure ineffective?
The answer lies in the way funding is allocated. To produce the desired result, retailers first and foremost need to determine the source of loss and allocate funding according to the ratio of loss and the ROI.
The below table outlines this point better, it shows last year retail spending on loss prevention and their return on investment:
Measures: Spending: ROI Achieved:
Trained Employees – 6.8% – 50%
Security Personnel – 56.2% – 2%
Security Equipment – 29% – 45%
Signs & others – 8% – 3%
Customer related theft accounts for only 21% of retail shrinkage the remaining 79% can be broken down into cashier cause 32%, followed by general employee cause 24%, receiving 10% and the remaining 13% is the result of damage and error. But the interesting point that needs to be noted is that even though 79% of retail shrinkage in caused by internal activities, retailers spent more on combating customer related theft than on employee cause.
56.2% of loss prevention resources were on security personnel that produced only 2% ROI, 6.8% was spent on staff training that produced 50% ROI. It is not difficult to see why despite the huge spending on loss prevention, retailers have not been able to affect their shrinkage level. There is a direct correlation between loss prevention spending and the ROI. Until such time that retailers get the balance right, loss prevention spending will continue to produce negative result.
Direct mail is a type of advertising wherein companies send printed ads or letters to a big number of customers via mail. They are typically used by companies to advertise new products or to distribute coupons. Some agencies may also use it to raise funds or recruit volunteers.
Advantages of mass mailing
The back hoe is one of those sought after equipment piece which majority of construction industry prefers to use. As a matter of fact, this heavy piece appears in front like wheel loader and when looked at its back, it appears like excavator. When both of the machines mentioned are merged together for better function, the result is a more flexible tool for construction sites.
Now instead of purchasing new machines people have realized that it would be more considerable to just buy the used equipments. And undeniably, the idea even became popular to people as they are watching their every incurred expenses. Their purpose for that is also to manager their finances even more in prior to next years. Quickly have the constructors found these used equipment to make them save money when done correctly.