Environmental And Social Standards In The Fashion Industry

Environmental, social and ethical pressures on the global textiles and fashion sector emerged in Europe in the early 1980s. The main driver was consumer concern over the safety of the materials. However in parallel with this trend, a minority group of ethical consumers demanded chemical-free and low environmental impact clothing and fashion goods. This resulted in the European and later the US organic labeling system being extended to include criteria for clothing and textiles, such as organic cotton. As of 2007, the sector was the fastest growing part of the global cotton industry with growth of more than 50% a year. With reference to safety standards, primarily addressing consumer concern over chemicals in textiles, the Oeko-Tex standard has become highly popular in the industry. Although unknown to consumers, It tests for chemicals such as flame retardants in clothes and categorizes goods according to their likely exposure to humans (e.g. baby clothes must adhere to the strictest standards for chemicals). Thus the issue of chemicals in clothing has become largely one of liability risk control for the industry with the consumers obviously expecting products to pose no risk to their health. Organic and eco fashion and textiles attracts a far smaller, but fast growing group of consumers, largely in Western Europe and Coastal US.

Of far greater concern to the global fashion sector is the issue of worker welfare. The issue was highlighted by pressure groups such as Global Exchange in the US targeting Levis and Nike and others.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s anecdotal evidence began emerging from labor activists in the US and Europe concerning the supply chains and overseas factories of leading US and European multinationals. A key target was the world’s leading maker of denim jeans Levi Strauss, but more significantly Nike, the world’s largest sports shoe marketing firm. Global Exchange launched its Nike Anti Sweatshop campaign, focusing on the firms sourcing in China and Indonesia.

Issues included child labor, minimum wages, working hours and employee benefits. Activists argued that such issues should not differ too widely from standards mandatory in the West, while Nike argued at the time that differing national economic and social conditions dictated different standards globally. A good deal of negotiations and stakeholder meetings led to a generally accepted code of practice for labor management in developing countries acceptable to most parties involved. The SA 8000 emerged as the leading industry driven voluntary standard on worker welfare issues. SA 8000 supporters now include the GAP, TNT and others and SAI reports that as of 2008, almost 1 million workers in 1700 facilities have achieved SA 8000 certification. Such a certification requires investment in the process but also more significantly in changing labor practices such as wage structures. It is clearly being driven by large US and European multinationals that may require certain suppliers to gain certification.

The Fair Trade movement has also had a significant impact on the fashion business. The standard combines a number of ethical issues of potential concern to consumers environmental factors, fair treatment of developing country suppliers and worker welfare. The Fair Trade label has show explosive growth.

Albeit on a very small scale and not always at the top end of the fashion industry, many niche brands have emerged which promote themselves primarily on sustainability grounds People Tree in the UK states that it creates Fair Trade and organic clothing and accessories by forming lasting partnerships with Fair Trade, organic producers in developing countries. Leading fashion journal Marie Claire ranked its top 10 eco brands in a recent issue. The key issues remain chemicals in clothing (certified by organic and Fair Trade labels), worker treatment (certified by SA 8000 and Fair Trade) and increasingly mainstream environmental issues such as climate change. The Carbon Reduction Label verifies a products cradle-to-grave carbon footprint, although is not specific to clothing. Mainstream brands such as Louis Vuitton, Gucci, H&M and Zara have been slower to make firm commitments on the full rage of ethical issues due to the difficulties of switching their supply chains and products lines completely in favor of organic or Fair Trade certified or other standards and norms. They are however, moving slowing to ensure they capture the market if it becomes significant the worlds largest fashion brand Louis Vuitton recently acquired a small eco fashion label. It is clear, however from the example of Nike and Levis, however that certain issues are here to stay, such as a demand by Western consumers that leading brands manage the issue of worker welfare in their supply chain properly.

How to Stop the Logging Industry from Losing its Youthful Appeal!

People have many assumptions about the status of the logging industry. This could be due to the number of layoffs in the industry resulting from the economic downturn of the past few years. It is difficult to get exact information about the number of people who have lost their jobs because of the recession. This has created big differences between the number of people terminated and those that are being recruited. Moreover, it is undeniable that there are many problems in the logging industry that have caused a critical situation to exist.

Worker Enticements

In spite of this ongoing crisis, the logging industry is attempting to find creative ways to make it more enticing and appealing. In fact, future projections in Washington are expected to show progress being made, which is quite the opposite of what had been projected. The effort of logging companies to cope with the recession is actually praiseworthy and the annual revenue of the logging industry is reaching billions of dollars. To be exact, Atlanta is making $28 billion annually.

Common Problems

Some of the more common problems that are encountered by many workers when applying for jobs within the logging industry include the monthly salary, insurance premiums, health benefits, retirement packages, and compensation packages. On top of this, most potential employees have the impression that this is not a lucrative field in which to earn a good salary; yet the fact is that some logging companies are booming and will continue to grow in the global market.

There is also the problem of the effect of testing for drug abuse. For whatever reason, drug testing in this industry is putting a heavy price tag on keeping a reliable workforce. Contractors are finding it increasingly difficult to retain employees due to this one issue. On the plus side, those companies and contractors that enforce a drug-free workforce will pay reduced worker compensation premiums.

Increased Core Compensation

Five years ago, new employees shied away from applying for jobs in the logging industry because they were required to pay for certification programs and training for safety awareness just to work with forestry equipment without receiving any type of compensation for those incurred expenses. Additionally, the wages were rather low. The annual mean salary for a typical logger in United States ranges from $30,260 to $33,269.

Currently, the anticipated yearly salary for all logger jobs is expected to increase due to the tight competition in the global arena. The core annual compensation amount could reach up to $50,041 per employee. Core compensation includes: base salary; social security; 401K/403B plans; disability insurance; healthcare insurance; pension; and paid time off.

The logging industry has been clouded with negative notions brought on by the economic recession and the future remains uncertain for this particular business. Perceptions have existed that this was an unstable working environment because the monthly salary was low with minimal benefits and too many requirements to be certified to do this work. This type of business is losing its appeal because of the upswing battle against the global market. Yet, due to new regulations, strategies, employee benefits, innovations such as bio-fuels and better forestry equipment, working in the logging industry has become more appealing. This can only hope to give the logging industry a brighter future!

Food Industry Saudi Arabia Baby Food Industry Research Report

A rapidly evolving economy, rising personal disposable incomes, increasing preference for packaged food and a growing 0-4 years old population will drive the baby food market in Saudi Arabia in the coming years.

Saudi Arabia is one of the most populous countries in the MENA region and its population is expected to increase at an average annual rate of 2.1% till 2030. Consequently the 0-4 years old population is also increasing rapidly and is expected to reach 3.6 million in 2013. Further, the rapidly intensifying economy is enabling greater purchasing power. All these factors are positively impacting the growing baby food market in Saudi Arabia. Despite 6.1% food inflation, the parents continue to spend extravagantly on the baby food products with escalated personal disposable incomes in the country. Further the hectic lifestyles, stringent work schedules have compelled the parents in the country to opt for packaged yet nutritious baby food.

-Rising awareness amongst parents of baby food formulation, growing population of children aged between 12 and 36 months and growing preference of mothers to provide their babies with the finest possible nourishment are primary factors which are expected to contribute to the growth of baby food market in Saudi Arabia in the next five years (2013-2017).- – According to the research report -Saudi Arabia Baby Food Industry Outlook to 2017′ by Ken Research.

According to the report with an increasing propensity to spend amongst the people with growing income, the need for better quality nutritious baby food will increase which will lead to a higher demand for baby food in Saudi Arabia.

The report provides detailed overview on the baby food market of Saudi Arabia and helps readers to identify the ongoing trends in the industry and anticipated growth in future depending upon changing industry dynamics in coming years. The report will help industry consultants, baby food companies and other stakeholders to align their market centric strategies according to ongoing and expected trends in future.

For More Details Please Click On Following Link:

http://www.kenresearch.com/agriculture-food-beverages/baby-food/saudi-arabia-baby-food-market-research-report/454-104.html

http://www.kenresearch.com/press/news-saudi-arabia-baby-food-market-research-report/235.html

Contact Person: Ankur Gupta
Designation: Head-Marketing & Communication
E-mail:
Contact: 01147017199, +91 9015378249

Customized Services – Latest Trend in SEO Peterborough Industry

SEO (search engine optimization) has become the need of hour for every business site whether it is small or large size. Doing business successfully in the traditional offline manners has become the matter of past. Today to remain in race, everyone wants maximum exposure to its targeted customer base. Increasing demand of SEO proves that the most business owners have accepted its importance and are satisfied with the results. But it is also a fact that long term results depend upon the right SEO practice applied by the service provider. Therefore, right selection of SEO service provider becomes too much crucial especially if one is located at or around Peterborough. When we start our search for a suitable and reasonable SEO Peterborough service provider, we come across numerous options; everyone has its own attraction. Therefore, -picking up the best SEO Peterborough service’ becomes a tough task for many business owners and professionals.

SEO practices are not bound to any standard working frame. Every projects needs different SEO practices, therefore, one quote received for one project may not be workable for another project. SEO planning is done after analyzing the website’s parameters; therefore, everything that a SEO service provider at Peterborough offers is customized. The positive aspect of this practice is that it allows the web owners to get the services within budget. Total SEO plan can be divided into phases and the owner is free to choose the options to implement SEO practices of either one phase or more phases. In any case, web owner will have to wait for the results because there is no practice that could deliver overnight SEO results. In nutshell, price, while selecting the SEO service provider at Peterborough, becomes a secondary issue.

SEO Peterborough service providers are well familiar of budget limitation of the business owners as well as intensifying competition. Therefore, they suggest short term low budget practices. When you get similar proposals from two or three SEO service providers, it becomes further tough to pick up the best. The best way is to compare the business experience, client base, specialization in SEO practices and team strength. Asking for the references related to your area or trade is also a good practice to verify the claims. Leading SEO Peterborough service providers have online updating system; therefore, you never need to follow up for the updates. Reporting can be fixed weekly or fortnightly basis. Select the one who could customize the SEO project process as per your requirements, ensuring the results.

About the Author:- Jonnie K. Allen is writing articles for googlesolutions, We specialize in Smart business owners prefer seo services uk providers that offer seo reseller service also. seo peterborough, seo cambridgeshire, seo company uk, and many more….

Benefiting From The Explosion Of Subtitling Services Industry

Why put subtitles?

Nowadays, when you buy original DVDs, it is not surprising to find a menu that allows you to choose which language to display the subtitles in. The most popular among the languages include Chinese, Spanish, French, and English.

Some would question the use of subtitling services, especially the inclusion of English when the movie or video is already in the said language. Subtitles like these benefit those who may have a hard time understanding the dialogues or are more accustomed to reading the dialogues in order to follow the story or plot closely.

In the United States, there is a growing Hispanic market, and the subtitled products that they consume range from videos to websites. Changing the orientation of the language from a foreign one to their native language will entice your consumers to purchase your products with just a small added cost.

Different subtitling services

Subtitles come in handy in a variety of ways, but it is especially useful in videos that are in DVD format. In the past, subtitles have been limited to the English closed captions that subtitling services include in the menu. Now, however, there are several languages included in a single DVD in order to accommodate the growing needs of a product that is globally in demand.

The possible services that are now available include translation, spotting, and subtitling Apple DVD Studio Pro, Spruce Maestro, or Sonic/Daikin, with languages ranging from English to Asian languages like Japanese, Korean, and Chinese.

Subtitling service agencies can also provide subtitles for broadcast videos in Digital Betacam, MiniDV, VHS, and Betacam SP. Some companies can even allow clients to choose the font, format, and effects of their subtitles, to give a more personalized touch.

Some companies like the Rennert Translation Group are equipped to handle more extensive and comprehensive video demands. Their multi-language production services include translation, casting, voice dubbing, subtitling services, recordings, transcription, and foreign language monitoring.

The subtitling process

Technology today has taken a huge leap from what it was just five years ago. In fact, some advancements, such as putting subtitles in VHS tapes were not even considered back then but is now possible due to certain production equipment.

In a subtitling services company, there are also specific devices and software programs that are used in order to achieve the best subtitling quality in the fastest turnaround time possible.

One of the top-selling subtitling software programs is the SoftNI, but there are other software formats that are used by several subtitling services companies. The important thing with regards to the software programs is the assurance of accuracy in the language and precision of the subtitle timing in relation to the ongoing video.

This means that, aside from the software program being used, subtitling services would also need a team of professionals who are experienced with audiovisual subtitling projects. A good ear is also needed for those working in the industry as some clients do not provide transcriptions or translations of the video they want to subtitle.

Dubbing in another language

Aside from subtitling services, dubbing is also an option done by agencies with voice talents. This is particularly done with Japanese animations which are shown in the English-speaking countries of the world. This ensures that the customers would also have the option of visually enjoying the video without the need to speed-read as they watch.