Redwood – Your Best Choice In Swing Set Construction

Everyone has their own reasons for choosing a particular wood for their swing set. Some buy pine because of budget restrictions, others select cedar for its low maintenance and buyers of redwood may do so just to match their deck. All those woods are available to you as well, but before you decide there are a few facts you should know about redwood that makes it the better choice.

In order to fully understand the qualities that make redwood the best choice for your swing set, you need to know a little more about the wood itself. Not all redwood is the same and it’s important you know exactly what kind you’re paying for.

Although redwood is available in several different grades, a commonality between them is the pink/red color that ages to gray over time. A widely used grade of redwood is Con-Heart, which means it’s a construction grade wood that comes from the heart of the redwood tree.

It’s this redwood that is naturally resistant to insects and rotting. Wood taken from the outer part of the tree must be stained each year to prevent decay. Many companies offer redwood swing sets, but if it isn’t taken from the heart of the tree, it will require some maintenance. You’ll never have to do any staining or sanding on swing sets made from Con-Heart grade Redwood.

If there are any white parts in the redwood, it’s called sapwood and it has virtually no resistance to rotting or insects. Again, you’re protected with Con-Heart Redwood, because it contains no sapwood. Heart redwood has a natural resistance to insects and decay that goes all the way through the wood, not only the surface. This is important because it means the exposed ends and edges created from sawing or nailing are just as resistant as the outside surface of the wood.

Redwood is also naturally stable and while all woods swell and shrink to some point depending on moisture in the environment, redwood does it less than the others. This means redwood stays flatter and retains its shape much better, with a lower risk of warping, splitting, or cracking.

The true test of durability comes in how your set looks after many years of use. Redwood is very durable and even after as long as 20 years later, will hold its looks better than most other woods of the same age.

Some companies will use just enough redwood in the construction of their sets that they can legally call it ‘redwood’, when in fact it may be a mixture of redwood and red cedar, or even Chinese Fir. Read all the fine print and if in doubt, ask! If you’re paying a higher price for redwood, you certainly want to be sure that’s what you’re getting.

Before you finalize a purchase, especially if your swing set is made from Con-Heart wood, find out if Con-Heart was used for the entire set or just for the larger pieces. In order to enjoy the most benefits from heartwood’s natural protective ability, the whole set should be constructed with it, not just the beams and bigger pieces.

Fire safety for the construction industry

It is crucial that health and safety guidelines are adhered to at all times within the construction industry. Following health and safety legislation ensures that a site is a safe place to carry out work for everyone.

Failure to comply with health and safety regulations can lead to severe sanctions. Fines as well as more serious sanctions can be imposed on employers who neglect their duty. If you are looking for the highest level of training there is, the Construction Skills (CITB) Site Safety Plus range of courses are the best you will find. CITB have a number of different courses that are thought of highly within the construction industry.

The best way for any employer in the industry to ensure they fully uphold their duty under the legislation is to send staff on a Site Management Safety Training Scheme (SMSTS) course. The quality of the training delivered on a SMSTS course gives great advantage to professionals in construction. The SMSTS courses are targeted at management and supervisors in particular but training is also suitable for any other employees who are in charge of managing any kind of construction related tasks. Site Management Safety Training Scheme courses provide the latest training in essential health and safety skills allowing course candidates to shape and build on their awareness.

SMSTS courses are attended by approximately 10,000 people each year. It is a five day course. You may find a number of training establishments offering the course one day a week over a five week period. This is a useful alternative for businesses that struggle to manage the loss of employees for a solid five days Many companies request to have staff trained at the place of work in an appropriate space, making it far more convenient for and travel and food expenses. Construction, one of the largest industries in the United States is also one of the most hazardous.

OSHA, the regulator for safety and health issues in the work place, requires that all construction sites be inspected by a certified Construction Safety Coordinator before and during use. Inspections are to benefit those working at the construction site and those that will be around, driving by or utilizing the same work place. Though anyone with enough time and effort can become a construction safety coordinator, it is not unusual for construction workers who have previously worked on the job, contractors and/or those associated with construction to slip into this position.

OSHA offers outreach training programs to certify those interested in becoming a Construction Safety Coordinator. Basic classes include General Industry Safety, Physical Hazards in Construction, Healthy Hazards and Emergency Preparedness, and OSHA Citation and Record Keeping Policies. To earn these; classes, exams and basic knowledge are expected. Classes do require payment, time and effort. In addition, many states have regulations that must be met depending upon environmental or specific issues.

Sports Facilities Construction Requires Special Expertise

Special technical expertise is required for sports facilities construction and installation of equipment related to different sports. Different sports facilities require sports pitches to be prepared to different specifications depending upon their use. For instance, sports facilities to be used as Multi-use Games Areas will have to take into consideration the requirements of all the sports to be played on the pitch as compared to single-purpose sports facilities or indoor sports halls.

In case of outdoor sports facilities, the process of construction begins with a site inspection followed by excavation of the ground. The base layers are installed in a way as to offer a stable foundation and to serve as an effective shock pad. Good drainage is one of the most important requirements of these sports pitches.

Synthetic sports surfaces can vary in their playing characteristics depending upon the requirements of the sports to be played on them. This is the reason why artificial turf is available in a range of pile lengths. While shorter pile is meant for sports played at the professional level, longer pile length may be preferred for recreational sports. An expert firm, based on your requirements, can install a 30mm pile or a 20mm pile. The most important thing in this regard is to conform to the I.A.A.F guidelines for installations.

A professional firm, specialised in manufacturing and installing artificial grass, also offers a choice of colours of artificial turf. For instance, you may go for one colour blade artificial pitch to the ones that feature two colour or multi-coloured tufted blade.

Outdoor athletics tracks with artificial surfaces also require the expertise of a professional firm for their construction. Athletic tracks should be slip resistant so as to minimise chances of falls to athletes. These surfaces, in most cases, are made from an impermeable double compound polyurethane system which allows for better drainage, whilst making the surface uniform and durable. Fibrous rubber granules are blended with polyurethane binders in a special machine. The mixture is then installed at full depth using special equipment.

The construction of indoor sports halls would benefit from a complete design and advisory service with budget proposals. Therefore, services of a professional firm may be sought. Multi-coloured markings on the sports surface are an integral part of a sports facility used as an indoor sports hall or a Multi-use Games Area, where a variety of sports are played.

Sports facilities construction not only includes the installation of sports surfaces, but also other important services such as installation of fences, fixed sports equipment, floodlighting, electronic scoreboards, air supported structures, and much more. Many leading companies in this field do not only offer the services of sports facilities construction, but also that of sports surface maintenance.

Leaky Liners Seven Liabilities In Pond Liner Construction


A Case In Point
Mr. and Mrs. McDowell of San Diego, CA contracted with a local pond liner construction company and paid them $255.000.00 to construct a pond and waterfall in the front yard of their $14,000,000.00 home. In less than 6 months from the completion date of the project, the pond started losing well over 150 gallons of water per day.

The contractor was informed of the situation and responded immediately by arriving at their home to inspect the water feature. The contractor walked up the hill, inspecting the waterfall very carefully and then back down the opposite side and without hesitation, exclaimed that they had an infestation of rats and gophers living under the waterfall portion and had chewed holes in the liner. The owners instantaneous response was,…and?, to which he retorted, “…didn’t you read the small print in your contract?…that the liner was only covered for factory defects in the liner, not for holes chewed by rodents.

Now, for the rest of the story… The “fit to be tied” McDowells hires a second liner company to come and patch the leaks for the sum of $75,000.00. Because the liner had many two ton to 5 ton boulders sitting on it than were put in place by a 50 ton crane, there was no way to check every square inch of the liner so these pond liner construction experts spent two weeks painting around the base of every rock in the waterfall with Thoroseal, which not only looked ugly, but the falls were leaking worse than before within less than 6 weeks.

The second company was down the road with their $75,000 with the same flimsy excuse that they couldn’t guarantee the gophers wouldn’t come back! The Owners sued the original contractor and won on the grounds He did not disclose all of the potential pitfall associated with the rubber liner.

Liabilities Associated With Pond Liner Construction

1. Regardless of what the contractor may think, he is subject to a libel suit if he does not correct any leaks in the pond liner, if resulting from anything other than by the fault of the customer. In most cases, if a liner leak is discovered early on, before the escaping water can cause any damage, there is unlikely to be any major consequences. However, it is a common practice in the industry for less than reputable contractors or pond builders without a license, to simply add an auto fill device in order to solve the leaking water problem. As a result, the client is oblivious to the fact their pond is leaking because the auto fill float is restoring the lost water, resulting in a ongoing saturation of the surrounding area.

2. There is a high probability that a liner will suffer a leak within the first two to 12 months as a result of poor craftsmanship, improper installation or simply from the heavy weight of the rocks puncturing the liner.
More than 33% of all waterfalls have serious structural damage within 3 years of its construction.
57% of homeowners say they’re rather unsatisfied with the way their waterfall turned out- when the project was completed.
Nearly 1 in 3 waterfalls and ponds are leaking within 9 months of completion.
27% of all outdoor waterfalls and ponds have pumps that are mismatched for their applications, creating unnecessary expenses later on..
63% of “Do-it-yourselfers” said they wish they had the proper information from the beginning or they wished they had hired a professional.

3. Due to the nature of the liner, it is next to impossible to find a leak without removing all of the rock from the waterfall and pond, which may be cost prohibitive, resulting in many pond liner contractors simply not addressing the situation. The result being a law suit, bankruptcy, and or a bad blemish on the pond liner industry. If the auto fill is turned off and the pond is allowed to leak, the water level will eventually settle out at the exact location of the leak. If the waterfall is turned off and the water level does not change, the conclusion is that it is the waterfall that is leaking, not the pond. This process quickly determines the general location of the liner leak.

4. Many times, a liner failure due to rats, mice, gophers, ground squirrels, chipmunks, etc may affect the surrounding areas, resulting in water damage to property. Flood damage to neighbor’s property, and in several cases in California, resulting in the undermining of the houses foundation footings or cracked patios and flooded basements.

The greatest drawback to filling your pond with a garden hose is the frequency of overflows and flooding associated with getting preoccupied with other tasks and forgetting to turn off the hose. “Water damage and homeowner policies can be a volatile issue in many says Don Griffin of the National Association of Independent Insurers, a trade association for property-casualty insurers. Swimming pool, ponds, spa and hot tub overflow is one of the top ten causes for home water damage claims with many insurance companies. Chief among the cause of overflowed pools, spas and hot tubs is forgetting to turn off the hose when filling, or malfunctioning mechanical float control systems. These are nothing more than common toilet tank floats (Fluidmaster) which often malfunction and will not shut off as they were designed to, resulting in an overflow and possible lawsuits from neighbors.

5. Unlike concrete and rebar ponds, using mortar to secure the rock to the concrete shell pond liners are often covered with loose rocks and boulder, since it is difficult to cement rocks to rubber liners. This condition sets up a serious liability from the injury of children and or adults climbing on loose boulders, resulting from injury or even drowning.

6. Since liners need to be cut to facilitate bottom drains and skimmers, the chance of leaks are increased from the additional loss of the watertight integrity of the liner.

7. Since liners are prone to failure from so many causes, the exorbitant cost of maintenance and repairs can become insurmountable. Leak problems alone have resulted in the failure of many pond liner businesses.

To reduce misunderstanding about the integrity of pond liners and the possibility of the customer being accidentally mislead by the degree of liners reliability, a disclaimer should be added to protect the pond liner contractor from liability. It should state clearly that the warranty only covers factory defects in the liner.

In addition, the disclaimer should point out that the liner is subject to developing leaks from gnawing rodents such as mice and rats, also ground squirrels, gophers, chipmunks, claws from dogs, raccoons etc. Also punctures may result from sharp objects, including heavy boulders sitting on the liner. It should also be noted to the client that even though a concrete and rebar pond costs about 20% more, it will last many years or even decades longer than a liner pond. Besides adding this disclaimer to the contract, you should also read it to them.

Furthermore, even though it may cost an arm and a leg to find and repair certain leaks, doing so is better than ending up with a lawsuit or irate customer. “Don’t bail-out, patch the hole.”

Don’t be opposed to offering your customers a waterfall and pond constructed with rebar and concrete, then you won’t need to ever worry about patching holes. If they say no, at least you gave them the option.

Three Types Of Construction Building, Heavycivil, And Industrial

One of the largest industries in the United States is construction. In construction projects, a variety of people working several different jobs come together to build and assemble infrastructures. The tasks in construction range from designing and building to governing and maintaining the scope of the project while the building or other infrastructure is being assembled.

With up to hundreds of workers working simultaneously to complete a building, construction projects are no small undertaking. And there are three basic types of building projects that the construction industry: building construction, heavy or civil construction, and industrial construction. The following paragraphs describe these types of building projects, explaining the what they are and giving common examples.

Building Construction

Building construction is one of the most popular types of construction projects and the one that most people are familiar with one. These projects are usually smaller than other types of building projects, and popular definition of building construction is the process of adding structure to real property. For instance, building a house on a piece of land already owned by the person who will own the house is an example of a building construction project.

But building construction can include other projects than just constructing entire buildings. In fact, most building construction projects are small renovations. Renovating and updating bathrooms are common renovations, as are room additions. Other small building construction projects include updating a room or an entire house to be safer, more energy efficient, or more high-tech.

Because building construction projects are usually smaller in scope, property owners frequently do not hire a contractor. Instead, the owner of the property organizes the hiring and payment of a construction company or crew. However, without a contractor, the owner of the property is also responsible for handling any legal or financial problems that may occur if he or she is unsatisfied with the end result or if the cost overruns the original budget and scope of the project.

The owner must also be responsible for carefully overseeing the development of the project in order to ensure that it is carried out correctly and that the end result is what he or she wanted. Because of all of these responsibilities, many property owners prefer to hire a contractor to oversee the building construction projects, even if they are small.

Heavy/Civil Construction

Heavy or civil construction projects are another type of construction that, essentially, is the adding of infrastructure to an already built environment. Instead of privately owned properties, these types of construction projects usually deal with public properties. The owners of these projects are usually local or national government agencies and are usually done to benefit the public. The most common type of heavy construction is highway and road construction. This can include building entirely new roads, expanding existing highways, or repairing road surfaces.

Heavy and civil construction projects are much larger in scope than building construction projects, and therefore, it often takes longer to prepare for them. For instance, owners and construction managers are usually required to notify utility companies in the area before beginning construction, and they have to be careful to take all government restrictions, mandates, and health and safety regulations into consideration when planning heavy construction projects.

Although most heavy and civil construction is paid for by government agencies, they can also be governed by private corporations. While government-owned construction projects are usually not-for profit, heavy construction projects owned by private corporations are usually done so that the corporation can make money and not to serve the general public. Examples of this type of heavy and civil construction include the building of resorts, golf courses, power companies, dams, railroads, mines, and other earthwork projects.

Industrial Construction

The smallest sector of the construction industry and what people are usually most unfamiliar with is industrial construction. Industrial construction projects include for-profit projects that are owned by very large corporations. These projects are some of the largest in scope and include such industries as medicine, petroleum, chemical, manufacturing, power generation, and so on. Industrial construction projects also have to adhere very closely to government laws and regulations and have to undergo an extensive inspection process, which means a great deal goes into the planning and preparation stages of these projects.

Of course, this is only a brief overview of the different types of construction projects. The construction industry is large, and it’s easy to see why. The three main types of construction–building, heavy and civil, and industrial–account for almost every structure that we see and use today. In fact, the construction industry employs millions of people.

And because construction is one of the largest industries, it is becoming easier and easier to find quality construction companies across the country. So whether you’re looking for Los Altos construction, Los Gatos construction, or construction in other parts of the state, finding a good construction company to help make your building dreams a reality shouldn’t be too difficult.

Construction is a unique industry that sometimes incorporates hundreds or thousands of workers in one project. Many construction projects incorporate several different teams of specialists and tasks, and all these people come together to build infrastructures that range from small renovations to highways and factories.