Brief About Automotive Fault Codes

All cars and light trucks built for sale in the United States after 1996 are required to be OBD-II compliant. The European Union adopted (directive 98/69/EC) a similar law in 2001 for gasoline powered vehicles, and in 2003 for cars with diesel engines.
OBD II mandates a standard scan tool (SAE J 1978) with a single standard plug for all vehicles manufactured in U.S.A.
The Universal interface (SAE J 2201) requirements for Scan Tool (SAE J 1978), Data Communication Network Interface (SAE J 1850), (SAE J 1850), Interface connector (SAE J 1962) requirements, Test Modes (SAE J 1979), and Diagnostic Trouble codes (SAE J 2012), and Enhanced test modes (SAE J 2190), are described in detail in the standard. General characteristics, electrical and mechanical characteristics are also described in the HS-3000 standard. EPA regulation is that SAE J 1978 must have the capability to perform bi-directional diagnostic control. Vehicle manufacturers will use manufacturer specific messages to perform these functions, and later use SAE J 2205, (Expanded Scan Tool protocol) to enable these functions with SAE J 1978 automotive Scan tool.

SAE J2012 (Diagnostic Trouble Codes1) defines a set of diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) where industry uniformity has been achieved.
The medium of communication is the serial data link described in SAE J 1850.
OBD II mandates that all trouble codes are logged when they are set and are retrieved by auto diagnostic scanner when commanded. And the diagnostic data must be made available when requested by the auto diagnostic scan tool. So the auto diagnostic scan Tool is to collect diagnostic messages from the vehicle. Which consists:
Analog inputs and outputs
Digital inputs and outputs
System status information
Calculated values

Important Note:
Only one Code must be stored in OBD II for each fault detected.
DTCs consist of an alpha character followed by four characters.
Pxxxx is reserved for powertrain DTCs
Bxxxx is reserved for body DTCs
Cxxxx is reserved for chassis DTCs
Uxxxx is reserved for network DTCs (UART the body electronics like door and roof control, air conditioning, and lightning, as well as for the entertainment control).

The second character designates whether the DTCs and a generic SAE DTC or a manufacturer specific DTC.
Powertrain codes
P0xxx – Generic
P1xxx – Manufacturer-specific
P2xxx – Generic
P30xx-P33xx – Manufacturer-specific
P34xx-P39xx Generic
Body codes
B0xxx – Generic
B1xxx – Manufacturer-specific
B2xxx – Manufacturer-specific
B3xxx – Generic
Chassis codes
C0xxx – Generic
C1xxx – Manufacturer-specific
C2xxx – Manufacturer-specific
C3xxx – Generic
Network Communication codes
U0xxx Generic
U1xxx – Manufacturer-specific
U2xxx – Manufacturer-specific
U3xxx Generic

The remaining characters designate the system associated with the fault. The characters are hex and can range from 0 F.
The third digit defines the specific system or sub-system within the car where the problem is located:
1.Fuel and Air Metering
2.Fuel and Air Metering (injector circuit malfunction only)
3.Ignition System or Misfire
4.Auxiliary Emission Control System
5.Vehicle Speed Control and Idle Control System
6.Computer Output Circuits
7.Transmissions
8.Transmissions
9.Control Modules, input and output signals

Automotive Parts Molding Production

Sino Mould has been passed in the 1 of November, 2010, the American quality certification (AQA) International Limited ISO/TS19649 automotive parts production quality management system. The certification scope contains 4000g plastic automotive parts injection molding production. And mold companies at an early stage through ISO/9001: 2000 quality management system.
We are able to produce 95% of automotive plastic parts of the car. This includes plastic mold manufacturing, plastic injection molding, spraying, assembly, and assembly parts distribution to automotive production lines.

The characteristics of automotive parts molding

To clean up – Lightweight – shock absorption – the economy – the resource
Mainly automotive plastic light weight, good appearance decorative effect, multiple practical applications function, good physical and chemical properties, easy molding process, energy conservation, and sustainable use.
Automotive parts forming the main features light weight. A variety of plastics, the average proportion of only ordinary steel 15-20% lighter than the average wood. This feature prominent bit, minus a lot of dead weight, especially of high-grade large sedan.

Automotive parts molding can be once processed into products with complex shapes and multiple colors, sometimes printing, foil, embossing, multi-layer, coloring, processed into a very realistic image, patterns and designs can be imitation of natural wood, metal , animal skin texture, you can also show that hot stamping, foil, silver-plated, inlaid.

Automotive parts mold

Sino Automotive Mould Co., Ltd., is committed to the development of the automotive industry plastic mold, has a strong the professional mold management team and excellent processing and testing equipment, is a world-class supplier of automotive mold. Automotive parts mold include car bumper mold, shock absorber grille mold, instrument panel mold, side mirror mold, and automotive prototype mold, mold fixture production, etc. Sino automotive mold focus on the core technology of the mold, high-performance, high-efficiency, high-life, and the pursuit of energy conservation, environmental protection, and humane characteristics, Sino automotive parts mold brand world-renowned.

The automotive parts mold processing

Sino Automotive Mould Co. Ltd. has more than 20 design engineers, UG, Pro-E, Catia, Mold flow and AUTOCAD software, providing customers with efficient design and analysis services. Precision machining equipments to achieve the requirements of high dimensional accuracy. Sino automotive parts mold play a high-precision equipment resources, by co-coordinating the processing arrangement and rationalization process, a very high degree of realization of the mold parts and the overall size of the processing.

Automotive parts molding injection molding machine

Automotive plastic parts, we are professional auto plastic injection molding manufacturing company, is a team we provide for the domestic automotive OEM mold development of automotive interior and exterior plastic parts, automotive interior decorative products, plastic injection molding, from the preliminary data synchronization design to assembly, delivery, to the development of the automobile mold, injection molding, detection. We have a comprehensive quality management system, strict quality control methods.
The 50 -20 000 grams injection molding machine, can produce automotive interior trim from small to large variety of plastic injection molding, strict product quality management, in strict accordance with the management system of auto parts TS/16949. Our automotive parts plastic injection mold to achieve the most perfect state.

The material of the automotive parts molding

Common automotive materials of plastic products include PP, EPDM, ABS, PC, PMMA, HDPE.

– PP, EPDM
Instrument sets, front and rear bumpers, fog lamp cover, door panels, column panels, armrests, glove box, luggage decorative panels, grille air intake grille, etc.

– ABS
Bumper upper grille (electroplating pieces) instrument control panel, and other surfaces that require special handling parts

– PC, PMMA
Before hernia, fog lights, rear tail lights,

– HDPE
Fuel tank, single duct, left and right front seat trim cover, around the vent pipe assembly

Business Excellence In The Automotive Industy

Business excellence is an ideal that all good entrepreneurs strive to achieve. In fact, many organizations are devoted to honoring those businesses that best exemplify this concept.However, business excellence cannot be strictly defined.Rather, it varies from one industry to another. For example, in the automotive industry, business excellence includes customer commitment, quality control, efficient supply, and innovative management.
Leaders in the automotive industry understand the need to form a strong bond with customers.Perhaps more than other sectors, consumers are more likely to make a decision regarding an automobile purchase based upon their experience with those in the industry. Thus, entrepreneurs need to be concerned with two key features relating to customer commitment.The first is meeting the needs of the consumer, financially and socially.
People need automobiles that meet their economic means.This not only means getting a good initial purchase price, but also finding a vehicle that will require minimal repair and maintenance down the road.Consumers also want to purchase automobiles that will not require excess money to be spent on fuel,Therefore, business excellence includes finding more cost-efficient production and distribution processes, and subsequently passing these savings on to the consumer.
The second aspect of customer commitment is meeting societal needs and desires.This means staying informed of what vehicle features are most important to consumers.Such information can be garnered using formal surveys and demographic research.Once you understand the buyer, you are more capable of catering to him or her.
For example, people in some regions are especially concerned with the environmental impact of their purchases,Thus,the automobile industry would need to show those people they are committed to using recycled materials and alternative fuels.Additionally, many consumers want family vehicles that are safe and comfortable for children.Therefore, excellent automobile entrepreneurs will focus their attention on crash test results and extra amenities.
In addition to customer commitment, business excellence must include exceptional quality control measures.This means ensuring that automotive vehicles are safe and easy to maintain.
Appropriate testing should be undertaken for each new product model, and the results of these assessments need to be made public in a timely manner.Additionally,individual realerships should take care to ensure every vehicle is inspected prior to sale and stored under ideal conditions prior to purchase,Efficient supply is an aspect of business excellence that is frequently overlooked.
The balance between supply and demand is vital to the automotive industry.Producing too many vehicles can lead to severely diminished profits.It can also lead to a waste of resources that could have been better utilized for vehicles more likely to be purchased.Meanwhile, a supply that is too short can cause companies to lose customers.
When an individual needs to purchase a vehicle, he or she may not be able to wait any extensive period for a desired product to come into supply.As a result, they will simply find an alternative automobile to purchase.
Finally, business excellence in the automotive industry requires innovative management.There are several parties involved in the manufacture and distribution of vehicles, and financial as well as labor resources need to be managed from the top down as well as controlled on a micro-level.
Thus,not only do large factories need to communicate with business executives and the dealerships that asses supply, but individual sales representatives need to be appropriately trained and supervised at each individual dealership.

Love Cars Start An Automotive Blog

When you have a lot of love for and expertise in something, you often feel that you would like to share your passion with other like-minded people. One great way to do that is to start a blog about your hobby. If you love cars, an automotive blog might be just the thing to not only share your insights but to get ideas from your readers.

The word “blog” is a shortening of “web logs.” Blogs are basically sites on which an individual or a company can frequently share new information with interested readers and/or clients. They’re great for getting out news of a new product, keeping family and friends up to date on what’s going on with you, or just to provide an outlet for creative writing. If you are a car enthusiast, it’s very simple to set up and begin contributing to your own blog.

People who love cars are not alone. Neither are people who like to fix cars and are willing to share their tips and tricks. Whether your blog is dedicated to a specific make or model or whether you love to talk about the newest and best in automotive innovation, there are thousands of people who would love to read what you have to say. Ditto for those whose tastes lie in the mechanics of vehicles and who are willing to delve into the ways certain cars can be maintained. Another idea is to review various models, whether you talk specifically about cars from a certain era or class or just like to know what’s available on the market today.

Decide how you want to approach your blogging. Do you want to write the posts yourself and include your own photos or invite guest bloggers and non-copyrighted photos from your readers? How often will you add content to your blog? Who is your target audience?
What will you get out of blogging about cars?

There are blogging websites that offer free blogs to any takers. Within minutes you can choose a template design, come up with a catchy title, and make your first posting. For the money-minded blogger, there are ways to earn cash while indulging in your hobby or passion. By buying a domain name and setting up a website, you can begin letting your blog earn you some money through various advertising methods. An automotive blog that is well written, frequently updated, and that contains relevant information for enthusiasts, DIY mechanics, or those looking to buy a new car has the potential to become a little cash cow for its owner.

Blog about cars for fun or for profit, but enjoy the journey of sharing your experience with others.

Pick Up The Phone To Increase Your Auto Repair Shop Profits

You may be surprised to learn just how much financial power rests in the hands of the person who answers the phone at your auto repair shop. As a shop owner, you put a lot of time into getting that phone to ring. The first phone call from a potential customer is your best chance to make a good impression. How is your business first represented to your potential patrons?

Customers needing auto repair have a sense of urgency when they make the call to your auto shop. Transportation is both a necessity and an investment; when they call your business for service, they want to know that their vehicles will be in capable hands. How is that first communicated to your potential clients? If your answering system involves an answering machine or an uninformed receptionist, you may be losing calls and clients by the day.

You may be the best shop with the most skilled mechanics in your local area, but if that is not communicated to your clients on the initial phone call, your business will suffer. The average auto repair ticket is approximately $300. If your phone answering system causes you to lose one call per day, and you are open 5 days per week, your business loses $1500 per week! This adds up to $78,000 annually!

Having a pre-determined script for any type of call that may come into your shop is an ideal way to assure that your receptionist handles inquires in a manner that will convert the call to sales, says Gerry Frank and Keith McCrone, co-owners of Automotive Profit Pro. When this is executed properly, 75% of calls can be converted into appointments.

Customers typically call auto shops for three main reasons:
1.They have a question or problem. This customer usually calls asking if you can fix their air conditioner or if you work on specific types of cars, such as, Do you work on Hondas? They want to know that you can confidently take care of whatever problem or vehicle that they may have.
2.Calling to schedule an appointment. This may be a current customer or a new prospect and they may be calling for either routine service or an emergency. It is important to determine all of the variables of the caller and help them accordingly.
3.To get an estimate. This person is usually labeled as the price shopper. Dont underestimate this caller; more often than not this customer is looking to establish a relationship with you and your auto repair shop.

Each of these phone calls is an opportunity to set an appointment and clinch the sale. Building a relationship with your potential clients as their auto care professional is established through their ability to trust you with their auto maintenance needs.