For construction to take place, a particular site should be prepared first where workers must clear the site and excavate or unearth soil, rocks or other debris to commence the construction stage. It is both daunting and dangerous, and safety and proper procedures of work should be observed at all times.
In every development project, the site must be prepared first through excavation: Moving the soil, rock or other debris, grading, and then leveling the area before any actual construction could commence. The excavating crew will perform functions to ensure the area is properly leveled and graded so the builders can establish a solid foundation and install proper drainage and utilities (like water pipes, cables and underground storage tanks) on the site.
Once a development project is approved, a review or survey has taken place and the area is accessed, the excavating crew can now start work. They will first clear the place of any boulders, trees, roots and other large debris. They will also have to take down structures and other impediments that will need removing. They will next soothe out the soil on the construction site.
After the area has been prepared, the crew will start digging. They will use an excavator, huge piece of work equipment which can burrow deep into the ground. Construction workers operate excavators to dig holes to build basements, construct building foundations, and even dig holes for pools and artificial ponds or lakes. They can also operate them to dig trenches to install underground storage tanks, telephone cables, water pipes and electric cables as well as systems for wells, drainage and sewage systems.
In case of foundation excavations, after the foundation has been built, workers will support it by back filling it with soil that is dug out from the excavation. Back filling services can be expensive depending on the types and condition of the soil. Developers should take back filling services into account because back fill is necessary to support the foundation and to keep basements water tight.
Aside from hole digging and debris removal, the excavation process also prepares the site for landscaping. Grading the soil will help improve drainage which can take a bit of planning. You should know how water moves according to the composition of the soil and how your drainage will affect neighboring properties.
It is important for construction sites to be leveled, graded and drained appropriately to provide an adequate space for a building or infrastructure foundation. How can buildings or infrastructures stand without strong and stable foundation which excavation provides?
In any building and construction project, excavation is an important process, for without it, no amount of development can take place. The society we live in now, the huge buildings we see, the big infrastructures we use, all of these would not come possible without excavation. Internet and phone calls from communication lines, power from electric cables, water from pipe lines and gas from underground storage tanks: With safe excavation comes development and progress.