Translation Ethics Moral Issues In The Translation Business

Clients rely on the translator to provide a translation that does full justice to the source text. This means that the translation should cover every aspect and connotation in the source, and should not add any material or connotations extraneous to that source, nor hints of the translators personal opinion with respect to the subject-matter. Clients that are particularly keen on ensuring that this practice is adhered to will ask for a sworn translation, but most professionals would agree that the general principles underlying sworn translations also apply to translation in general, and should be used accordingly. This is easier said than done, however. While it is true that translations should be reliable and undistorted reflections of the source in a different language, clients will also expect an attractive text that is pleasant to read and effective in achieving its purpose. It is impossible to simply convert the content of the source text into the target language: the requirements of register, stylistic authenticity and readability inevitably entail some degree of modification of the original.

Having said that, there is general consensus that clients can rightfully expect a translator to possess professional skills, which entails that the translator should not accept a translation job if he feels incapable of providing a high-quality text, for instance because the subject-matter is not within his field of expertise.

Another interesting issue is that of errors in the source text. The requirement of faithfulness dictates that any errors found should simply be copied into the translation, but this obviously clashes with every serious translators common sense and desire to produce a text that is free from error and, if at all possible, even better than the original. Sometimes a translator might even feel the urge to protect the authors reputation if he suspects that the content or tone of voice of the source text would open its author to ridicule. One example is that of a CEO whose deputy speechwriter had come up with a New Years speech in a raving populist style. The translator in this case had decided to somewhat neutralise the invective, while of course pointing out to the client that he had taken liberties with the text in order to adapt it to the tastes of the target audience.
The obvious strategy in these cases is to highlight errors or problems and ask the client to reconsider his text, and while many clients will indeed appreciate such perspicacity, others will condemn the translator for being pedantic. Clearly there is no ideal remedy.

These, however, are all technical issues. The real dilemmas are found at a different level, for example when a professional is asked to do a translation of a text whose contents clash with his or her personal moral beliefs. One example from professional practice is that of a website for a womens rights organisation, which several Arab translators refused to translate because one section concerned womens sexual freedom and the rights of lesbians. While the obvious an only acceptable response to such refusal is to respect it, this issue does raise interesting questions about the translators relation to the text he translates and the extent of his responsibility for its contents, or his complicity with its objective. The latter would apply, for example, to a person agreeing to translate the election manifesto of a political party whose views he does not subscribe to. In some jurisdictions, a translator working on the translation of a hate speech might even be committing a criminal offence. Generally speaking, however, decisions in this category very much depend on the translators personal orthodoxy. People who depend on translation for their livelihood can be expected to be slightly more liberal-minded than those who can afford to refuse unsavoury orders thanks to alternative sources of income.

There is also a category of texts which, at first sight, appear to be positively illegal. If a translator agreed to translate bomb-making instructions, would he be responsible for attacks committed with the bombs produced with the help of such instructions? He certainly would, in our view, if he did not take the trouble of finding out who needed the translation, and for what purpose it was required. If the nature of the client were sufficiently obscure to raise even the slightest concern, no translator in his right mind would accept such an order. However, if the translation was commissioned by a government authority as part of efforts to study terrorists practices, the translator might actually contribute to a good cause by translating even the most reprehensible texts.

To sum up, it is clear that translators in addition to grappling with the technical content of source texts may be up to some morally challenging tasks as well. While guidelines and codes of conduct exist to help translators formulate their stance in general ethical issues, in many cases the approach to practical moral dilemmas in translation will be a matter of personal consideration and assessment, aided by the translators knowledge of the client.

About translation agency beedigdevertaling.eu
Beedigdevertaling.eu, established in the Netherlands, is a professional translation agency with a primary focus on the Dutch and international business community, and on public and semi-public institutions. Our principal strengths lie in the financial, legal and medical sectors, as well as in commerce, advertising and media. Our client base includes some of the largest corporate enterprises in Europe.

The Demand For Construction Management Jobs

It doesn’t take the intellect of the greatest economist alive to see that the demand for construction managers is huge in the UK at the moment. What might be worth explaining a little more is just why this is so for it isn’t simply to do with rising house prices or a booming market.

The first and most obvious one is that the Olympics are coming and while everyone’s desperately hoping that they won’t be the usual financial nightmare they are also hiring construction managers as fast as they can to try and make sure that it won’t be. Given that this is government work though that hope might still be in vain.

The second on is a little more subtle. We all know from the Daily Mail (and of course industry experience) that the country is awash with Polish plumbers and Czech chippies but this very expansion of a low cost workforce increases the demand for managers in two ways. The first is the obvious one that more workers means more managers. The second and less obvious is that a lowering of the costs of labour means that there’s more money to go somewhere: obviously this isn’t going to the buyers in the form of lower prices and similarly, some of it is spilling over into the hiring of those specialist managers that everyone’s always had a hankering for but could never really afford before.

The third thing driving the increased demand for construction managers is the way in which the industry is becoming ever more complex. Where health n’ safety used to mean hard hats and decent scaffolding there are now dedicated managers on every site tasked with nothing other than making sure the detailed rules are followed. Similarly, the increasing complexity of environmental regulation is meaning greater demand for such specialists. Whether such detailed rules are really needed is another matter but there can be no doubt that they’re driving up the demand for skilled managers in the construction industry.

We at Talisman also have another source of information of course. As experts in the sourcing and provision of managers to the construction industry we can see what demand is simply by monitoring what is crossing our desks. As we as recruitment specialists are, well, as you might think is obvious, recruiting people for the industry, we can see that demand is going up when our clients are tasking us with finding more such managers. The answer here is, yes, there is indeed strong demand for those looking for construction management jobs.

Rentec Direct Property Management Software A Cost-Effective Investment

Considering the current breakthroughs of technology, you can take advantage of the benefits you can get to maximize and streamline your property rental business. As a property manager, either you own a commercial rental and leasing or multifamily property rental business; you have to look at what property management software has to offer to save you time and money.

There are several organizations that can provide you with a property management software. Even so, do not just simply select the first product you come across with. It is advisable to shop around and look for software that provides the tools and functions you need to run your rental business.

Currently, RenTec Direct, a team of property owners, investors and managers offers the most innovative and sophisticated property management software you can find in the web. The organization offers three different types of property software, namely:

Property management Software – which is ideal for Professional Property Managers, it offers an extensive and secure solution to assist you in managing and tracking unlimited properties, owners and tenants.

Landlord Software – is made for landlords who manage one or many properties, it includes all of the tools needed to manage and track unlimited properties and tenants. Simply for your accounting both throughout the year and at tax time. And lastly the

Association Management Software – is created specifically for self-managed organizations to assist them to easily record dues, assessments, repairs and other recurring expenses related with your association.

Since this Property Management Software has all the basic features you need for your real estate needs, RenTec Direct Property Management Software eliminates the manual processes you might experience like tracking occupant payments and the vacancy rates.

Their Property Management Software can also handle accounting functions necessary to run your business effortlessly including keeping and even tracking rent and tenant accounts and so much more!

Using a property management software is indeed essential for your rental business.

To learn more about RenTec Direct Property management Software, call (800) 881-5139 or visit http://www.rentecdirect.com/

Advertising In New York City

Advertising in New York City can unlock the gates to millions of new customers, drive huge amounts of traffic to your site or gain your company or cause the exposure few other markets could provide. So lets review some of the best ways to advertise in New York City to jump start your marketing and advertising goals and deliver the results you need.

New York City is known for its Pennysavers and Penny Pinchers, which are free door to door circulars and also include online web communities. There are countless NYC focused websites and social networks that have high traffic and daily visits. With the right advertising plan you can reach millions of viewers a day without spending huge amounts of money. From Manhattan and the Bronx to Brooklyn, Queens to Staten Island advertising in NYC can be accomplished on a shoe string budget, or by hiring a world class ad agency.

Besides Pennysavers and Penny Pinchers, advertising in New York City can be accomplished by article marketing, blog marketing and message forums and classified site postings. Community centric marketing methods will provide you a better response, as NYC is known for it’s tight knit neighborhoods and want only the best information, not endless spammy sales pitches.

In NYC you need to engage your potential consumer, or those you are looking to inform. Advertising in New York City can produce great results, if done right. Community marketing giants John Thompson and Ginutis Sipas have obtained response rates higher then many of the professed top notch NYC ad agencies which require a six figure budget to work with. They have demonstrated how holistic and Guerrilla Marketing tactics, as well as many of the methods outlined above have returned tremendous results for their clients and their own business ventures.

Lets go over some of the many ways to to advertise. Bus advertising, which provides great street-level reads to a commuting audience and throughout metropolitan areas. As buses slowly cruise city streets, your message can be seen by both pedestrian and vehicular traffic on this large transit media. NYC is also home to endless Billboard advertising which is a very effective vehicle for reaching your audience.

Billboard ads are ‘in your face’ advertising! Then there is Wrapped vehicle advertising which can be used to target audiences in areas that are difficult to reach or where traditional outdoor methods are not as available. These eye-catching, moving displays are great for targeting specific events and a general market audience with head-turning results. Then of course NYC is famous for its street teams, which can deliver your message with a personal and human touch.

Another great way to advertise in New York City is to incorporate text messaging into your marketing plan and tap directly into millions in NYC daily life. Text-based advertising invites, engages and opens up deep communication channels with your target audience and it’s EASY!

The most important thing to remember when launching your advertising campaign in NYC is to have an advertising plan. Many times advertisers don’t have a plan, and they end up wasting lots of money on people who promise the world and deliver nothing! Developing an advertising plan assures that your marketing dollars will be spent wisely to target the right audience.

A fine-tuned advertising plan is the key to increasing awareness of your business, products and services, regardless of the size or type of your company. Reasons for advertising will ebb and flow throughout the life of your business. The easy, finite answer is so the business makes money and survives. Once you’ve determined your purpose for advertising, you can start shaping the plan. Research your target audience. It’s imperative to understand the habits of your audience to effectively advertise and maximize the impact of your marketing dollars. Will your customers only come from the west side of town? Do they respond to coupons? Are they online buyers, status buyers, relationship buyers?

Once your company is known, what else do your customers need from you or need to know about your services? Ask existing customers, study ad placement directed to the same audience and examine certain buying patterns for your product or service. These practices will help you customize a plan to reach your clientele. If your business constantly needs new customers, tailoring your advertising message and the way it’s delivered will assist with this goal.

Remember, a customer first has to be exposed to your ad often enough to remember it, then you have to wait for that customer to need what you sell. How soon will he or she likely need it? This is why businesses that succeed understand that marketing and brand awareness is a process that can never be shelved. The success of your business will greatly be determined by your marketing and advertising efforts.

Girls Belly Shoes Swagger With Style And Comfort

Pining for availing eye catching beauty while going in a party? Go for the girls belly shoes, which are at the moment creating flutter amidst the bevy of teenage girls as well as ladies. These shoes in a plenty of mesmerizing designs are certain to make you center of attraction on each occasion.

Girls belly shoes are aesthetically designed in fashionable patterns and stylish look. These are superb footwear to keep pace ever in tune with latest fashion trends. The manufacturers launch them in a plethora of attractive and swanky patterns to cater to the requirements of fashion-enthusiast girls like you.

The growing demand of these belle shoes has been possible due to their trendy and catchy patterns, which set them apart from a large number of ladies shows and sandals available in the market. Apart from this, these are coming embellished with a plethora of artwork like beads, stones, sequin, embroidery and so on, which make them one of the most-coveted fashion accessories amidst the worldwide buyers. The popular designs, which are created on these girls belley shoes comprise of flowers, leaves, stars, geometry, stripes and many others.

You can find these belley shoes in a medley of eye pleasing colors. Available in perfect combination and contrasting colors, these shoes can be availed keeping into consideration the matching apparels, jewellery, bags and other accessories.

In addition to designs and colors, these belley shoes also stand perfect on the criterion of quality. The use of top notch material enhances their durability thus making them last for a long period of time. These shoes are comfortable to wear and come in different sizes. Thus, you can gift these girls belley shoes to your near and dear ones on any occasion like birthday, marriage, anniversary and so on.

Due to trendy look and catchy patterns, these shoes are superb partywear accessories. You can sport them along with Indian as well as western style apparels such as saree, salwar suit, top jeans, tunics, skirts etc.

You can buy online girls belly shoes from several online shopping portals of India. The benefit of buying these from the portals is that you can at once explore a varieties of colors, designs and sizes to choose from. Apart from this, the prices of these shows are comparatively cheaper in comparison to that on the offline stores.

Moreover, after selecting the best shoes, you can also place the online orders to get the quick delivery of selected belle shoes at your doorstep.